Right to Reject – None of the above (NOTA)

None of the Above (NOTA), also known as “against all” or a “scratch” vote, is a ballot option in some jurisdictions or organizations, designed to allow the voter to indicate disapproval of all of the candidates in a voting system. It is based on the principle that consent requires the ability to withhold consent in an election, just as they can by voting no on ballot questions.

Entities that include “None of the Above” on ballots as standard procedure include India (“None of the above”) .When None of the Above is listed on a ballot, there is the possibility of NOTA receiving a majority or plurality of the vote, and so “winning” the election. In such a case, a variety of formal procedures may be invoked, including having the office remain vacant, having the office filled by appointment, re-opening nominations or holding another election (in a body operating under parliamentary procedure), or it may have no effect whatsoever.

The Election Commission of India told the Supreme Court in 2009 that it wished to offer the voter a “None of the above” option at the ballot, which was something that the government had generally opposed. The People’s Union for Civil Liberties, a non-governmental organisation, filed a Public-interest litigation statement in support of this.

On 27 September 2013, the Supreme Court of India ruled that the right to register a “none of the above” vote in elections should apply and ordered Election Commission to provide such button in the Electronic Voting Machines, noting that it would increase participation.

The Election Commission also clarified that even though votes casted as NOTA are counted, they are considered as invalid votes so they will not change the outcome of the election process. They are not taken into account for calculating the total valid votes and will not be considered for determining the forfeiture of security deposit.    – Source @ Wikipedia